ISO 45001 2018

ISO 45001 2018 is an international Occupational Health and Safety Management Standard.
This page presents an overview of ISO 45001 2018 and provides a PDF sample of our approach.


4. Context

4.1 Understand your organization and its unique external and internal context

•  Identify and understand your organization's unique context.

• Identify and understand your organization's context before you establish
its occupational health and safety management system (OHSMS).

• Consider the external issues that are relevant to your organization's
purpose and strategic direction and think about the influence these
issues could have on its OHSMS and the results it intends to achieve.

• Consider the internal issues that are relevant to your organization's
purpose and strategic direction and think about the influence these
issues could have on its OHSMS and the results it intends to achieve.

4.2 Clarify the needs and expectations of workers and other interested parties

•  Identify groups and individuals that are relevant to your organization's OHSMS.

•  Identify the workers that are relevant to your organization's OHSMS.

•  Identify the interested parties that are relevant to your organization's OHSMS.

•  Determine the needs and expectations of workers and other interested parties.

•  Determine the needs and expectations of the workers that are relevant to your OHSMS.

•  Determine the needs and expectations of the parties that are relevant to your OHSMS.

4.3 Define the scope of your occupational health and safety management system

•  Clarify boundaries and think about what your OHSMS should apply to.

•  Use this boundary and applicability information to define your scope.

•  Define the scope of your occupational health and safety management system (OHSMS).

•  Consider all the products that are under your organization's control or influence.

•  Consider all the services that are under your organization's control or influence.

•  Consider all the activities that are under your organization's control or influence.

•  Document the scope of your occupational health and safety management system.

•  Control the documented information that defines the scope of your OHSMS.

4.4 Establish and maintain an occupational health and safety management system

•  Establish an OHSMS in accordance with this ISO 45001 standard.

•  Implement your OHSMS in accordance with this ISO 45001 standard.

•  Maintain your OHSMS in accordance with this ISO 45001 standard.

•  Improve your OHSMS in accordance with this ISO 45001 standard.

5. Leadership

5.1 Provide leadership by accepting responsibility for occupational health and safety

•  Accept responsibility and be accountable for OH&S.

•  Accept responsibility and be accountable for prevention of work-related injury & ill-health.

•  Accept responsibility and be accountable for provision of safe and healthy workplaces.

•  Develop a corporate culture that supports OH&S.

•  Establish a culture that encourages worker participation and consultation.

•  Establish a culture that expects personnel to achieve intended outcomes.

•  Establish a culture that protects workers from reprisals and retaliation.

•  Demonstrate a sincere commitment to OH&S.

•  Ensure that OHSMS requirements are built into business processes.

•  Ensure that an occupational health and safety policy is formulated. 

•  Ensure that occupational health and safety objectives are set.

•  Ensure that your OHSMS achieves its intended outcomes.

•  Communicate a firm commitment to OH&S.

•  Explain why occupational health and safety is important.

•  Expect managers to be accountable for the OHSMS.

•  Ask people to personally support their OHSMS.

5.2 Provide leadership by establishing, implementing, and maintaining an OH&S policy

•  Develop an OH&S policy.

•  Make sure that your policy is appropriate to your organization and its context.

•  Make sure that your policy provides a framework for your OH&S objectives.

•  Document your OH&S policy.

•  Define your organization’s OH&S policy.

•  Make a commitment to worker participation.

•  Make a commitment to worker health and safety.

•  Make a commitment to comply with requirements.

•  Make a commitment to continual improvement.

•  Implement your OH&S policy.

•  Distribute your OH&S policy.

•  Communicate your OH&S policy.

•  Maintain your OH&S policy.

•  Periodically review your OH&S policy. 

5.3 Provide leadership by assigning organizational roles, responsibilities, and authorities

•  Provide effective occupational health & safety leadership.

•  Assign all OHSMS roles, responsibilities, and authorities.

•  Document all OHSMS roles, responsibilities, and authorities.

•  Communicate all OHSMS roles, responsibilities, and authorities.

5.4 Provide leadership by consulting with workers and encouraging their participation

•  Establish processes for consulting with people and encouraging their participation.

•  Establish a process for consulting with workers and worker representatives.

•  Establish a process for encouraging people to participate in decision making.

•  Implement processes for consulting with people and encouraging their participation.

•  Consult with workers and worker representatives before you make OHSMS decisions.

•  Ask workers and worker representatives to participate in OHSMS decision making.

•  Maintain processes for consulting with people and encouraging their participation.

•  Provide the information needed to support and facilitate consultation and participation.

•  Provide the resources needed to support and facilitate consultation and participation.

6. Planning

6.1 Formulate actions to address your organization's risks and opportunities

6.1.1 Plan the establishment and documentation of your OHSMS

•  Plan the establishment of your organization's OHSMS.

•  Plan the development of your organization's OHSMS.

• Consider what you need to do to achieve intended outcomes.

• Think about what could influence OHSMS performance.

•  Plan the modification of your organization's OHSMS

•  Identify the risks and opportunities that emerge when changes are being considered.

•  Assess the risks and opportunities that emerge when changes are being considered.

• Establish and Maintain OHSMS documents and records.

• Document the OH&S risks and opportunities that need to be addressed.

•  Document the processes and actions needed to plan and manage your OHSMS.

6.1.2 Identify your hazards and assess OH&S risks and opportunities

6.1.2.1 Develop a process to identify your organization's hazards

•  Establish a hazard identification process.

•  Establish a way to identify existing hazards.

•  Establish a way to identify potential hazards.

•  Implement a hazard identification process.

•  Use your process to identify actual hazards.

•  Identify hazards related to people.

•  Identify hazards related to workplace.

•  Identify hazards related to incidents.

•  Identify hazards related to emergencies.

•  Identify hazards related to processes.

•  Identify hazards related to products.

•  Identify hazards related to services.

•  Identify hazards related to raw materials.

•  Identify hazards related to infrastructure.

•  Use your process to identify potential hazards.

•  Identify the potential hazards that organizational changes could cause.

•  Identify the potential hazards that changes in activities could cause.

•  Identify the potential hazards that changes in personnel could cause.

•  Identify the potential hazards that changes in processes could cause.

•  Identify the potential hazards that changes in infrastructure could cause.

•  Identify the potential hazards that changes in materials could cause.

•  Identify the potential hazards that changes in suppliers could cause.

•  Identify the potential hazards that changes in systems could cause.

•  Maintain a hazard identification process.

•  Document the results of your hazard identification process.

6.1.2.2 Develop a process to assess your organization's risks

•  Establish processes to assess your organization's risks.

•  Establish a process to assess the OH&S risks related to your hazards.

•  Establish a process to assess the other risks related to your OHSMS.

•  Implement processes to assess your organization's risks.

•  Implement a process to assess the OH&S risks related to your hazards.

•  Implement a process to assess the other risks related to your OHSMS.

•  Document processes to assess your organization's risks.

•  Document your risk assessment criteria and your methodologies.

•  Maintain processes to assess your organization's risks.

•  Maintain a process to assess the OH&S risks related to your hazards.

•  Maintain a process to assess the other risks related to your OHSMS.

6.1.2.3 Develop a process to assess your opportunities

•  Establish a process to assess your organization's opportunities.

•  Establish a process to assess your organization's OH&S opportunities.

•  Establish a process to assess your organization's OHSMS opportunities.

•  Implement a process to assess your organization's opportunities.

•  Assess OH&S opportunities to improve your organization's OH&S performance.

•  Assess other opportunities to improve your organization's OHSMS performance.

•  Maintain a process to assess your organization's opportunities.

•  Maintain a process to assess your organization's OH&S opportunities.

•  Maintain a process to assess your organization's OHSMS opportunities.

6.1.3 Develop a process to manage your legal and other requirements

•  Establish a process to manage all relevant legal and other
requirements that apply to hazards, OH&S risks, and the OHSMS.

•  Establish a way to identify all relevant legal and other requirements.

•  Establish a way to document all relevant legal and other requirements.

•  Establish a way to access all relevant legal and other requirements.

•  Establish a way to apply all relevant legal and other requirements.

•  Implement a process to manage all relevant legal and other
requirements that apply to hazards, OH&S risks, and the OHSMS.

•  Maintain a process to manage all relevant legal and other
requirements that apply to hazards, OH&S risks, and the OHSMS.

6.1.4 Plan actions and figure out how to implement and evaluate them

•  Plan your occupational health and safety actions.

•  Plan how you're going to address OH&S risks.

•  Plan how you're going to address OH&S hazards.

•  Plan how you're going to address OH&S emergencies.

•  Plan how you're going to address OH&S requirements.

•  Plan how you're going to address OH&S opportunities.

•  Plan how you're going to implement your actions.

•  Plan how you're going to evaluate your actions.

6.2 Formulate your OH&S objectives and develop plans to achieve them

6.2.1 Establish OH&S objectives at relevant functions and levels

•  Clarify criteria for setting your OH&S objectives.

•  Set OH&S objectives at relevant levels and functions.

•  Communicate your organization's OH&S objectives.

•  Monitor your organization's OH&S objectives.

•  Update your organization's OH&S objectives.

6.2.2 Plan how to achieve your organization's OH&S objectives

•  Develop plans of action to achieve your OH&S objectives.

•  Consider how to integrate OH&S actions into your processes.

•  Determine how to evaluate OH&S actions and OH&S results.

•  Maintain and retain OH&S planning documents and records.

7. Support

7.1 Support your organization's OHSMS by providing the necessary resources

•  Determine the resources that your OHSMS needs.

•  Provide the resources that your OHSMS needs.

•  Provide the resources that are needed to establish your OHSMS.

•  Provide the resources that are needed to implement your OHSMS.

•  Provide the resources that are needed to maintain your OHSMS.

•  Provide the resources that are needed to improve your OHSMS.

7.2 Support your organization's OHSMS by ensuring that people are competent

•  Clarify your organization's OH&S competence requirements.

•  Identify those workers who can affect OH&S performance.

•  Determine the OH&S competence requirements of these workers.

•  Confirm the OH&S competence of your organization's workers.

•  Acquire competence whenever shortcomings are discovered.

•  Document the competence of workers who influence OH&S.

•  Evaluate the effectiveness of actions taken to acquire competence.

7.3 Support your organization's OHSMS by making people aware of their duties

•  Make workers aware of your organization's OHSMS.

•  Make workers aware of your organization's OH&S policy.

•  Make workers aware of your organization's OH&S objectives.

•  Make workers aware of your organization's OH&S hazards.

•  Make workers aware of your organization's OH&S risks.

•  Make workers aware of your organization's OH&S incidents.

•  Make workers aware of your organization's OH&S practices.

•  Make workers aware of your organization's OH&S performance.

7.4 Support your organization's OHSMS by controlling your communications

7.4.1 Support your organization's OHSMS by creating communication processes

•  Consider your organization's OHSMS communication needs.

•  Plan how you're going to manage OHSMS communications.

•  Establish processes to manage your OHSMS communications.

•  Establish processes to manage your internal communications.

•  Establish processes to manage your external communications.

•  Implement your organization's OHSMS communications processes.

•  Maintain your organization's OHSMS communications processes.

7.4.2 Support your organization's OHSMS by facilitating internal communications

•  Establish OHSMS communications within and throughout your organization.

•  Discuss your OHSMS with people at all organizational levels and functions.

•  Discuss changes to your OHSMS at all organizational levels and functions.

7.4.3 Support your organization's OHSMS by establishing external communications

•  Establish OHSMS communications between your organization and external parties.

•  Use your communications process to control your external communications.

7.5 Support your OHSMS by managing documented information

7.5.1 Support your organization's OHSMS by including necessary documents and records

•  Figure out how extensive documented OHSMS information should be.

•  Consider your activities when you establish documents and records.

•  Consider your workers when you establish documents and records.

•  Consider your requirements when you establish documents and records.

•  Consider your processes when you establish documents and records.

•  Consider your products when you establish documents and records.

•  Consider your services when you establish documents and records.

•  Select all the documented information that your OHSMS needs.

•  Select all the internal documents and records that OHSMS needs.

•  Select all the external documents and records that your OHSMS needs.

7.5.2 Support your organization's OHSMS by managing the use of documents and records

•  Manage the creation and modification of documented information.

•  Make sure that your organization’s OHSMS documents
and records are properly identified and described.

•  Make sure that your organization’s OHSMS documents
and records are properly formatted and presented.

•  Make sure that your organization’s OHSMS documents
and records are properly reviewed and approved.

7.5.3 Support your organization's OHSMS by controlling relevant documents and records

•  Figure out how your documented information should be controlled.

•  Think about how OHSMS documents and records should be created.

•  Think about how your OHSMS documents and records should be identified.

•  Think about how your OHSMS documents and records should be distributed.

•  Think about how your OHSMS documents and records should be stored.

•  Think about how your OHSMS documents and records should be retrieved.

•  Think about how your OHSMS documents and records should be accessed.

•  Think about how your OHSMS documents and records should be used.

•  Think about how your OHSMS documents and records should be protected.

•  Think about how your OHSMS documents and records should be changed.

•  Think about how your OHSMS documents and records should be preserved.

•  Control all the documented information that your OHSMS needs.

•  Control all the internal documents and records that OHSMS needs.

•  Control all the external documents and records that your OHSMS needs.

8. Operations

8.1 Establish and maintain processes needed to meet OHSMS requirements

8.1.1 Establish processes for managing occupational health and safety

•  Plan your organization's OHSMS processes.

•  Develop processes to meet OHSMS requirements.

•  Establish criteria that your processes must meet.

•  Establish work practices that consider workers.

•  Implement your organization's OHSMS processes.

•  Control your organization's OHSMS processes.

•  Use your criteria to control your processes.

•  Maintain your organization's OHSMS processes.

•  Maintain and retain OH&S documents and records.

8.1.2 Establish processes for managing changes and controlling risks

•  Use a Hierarchy of Controls approach to manage OH&S hazards and risks.

•  Establish hierarchical processes for managing hazards and risks.

•  Implement hierarchical processes for managing hazards and risks.

•  Eliminate your organization's OH&S hazards
and risks (whenever this is practically possible).

•  Substitute dangerous hazards and risks for less
dangerous ones (if you can't eliminate them).

•  Use engineering controls (whenever you can't
eliminate hazards and risks or make substitutions).

•  Use administrative controls (whenever you can't use engineering
controls, eliminate hazards and risks, or make substitutions).

•  Use personal protective equipment (whenever you can't use administrative
or engineering controls, eliminate hazards and risks, or make substitutions).

8.1.3 Establish processes for managing changes and controlling impacts

•  Develop processes to manage changes that impact OH&S performance.

•  Determine how both permanent and temporary changes should be managed.

•  Determine how planned changes should be implemented and controlled.

•  Determine how unplanned changes should be reviewed and controlled.

•  Implement processes to manage changes that impact OH&S performance.

•  Use your change management processes to control all relevant changes.

•  Manage and control changes that could impact OH&S performance.

8.1.4 Establish processes for managing contractors and service providers

8.1.4.1 Develop procurement processes that meet your OHSMS requirements

•  Establish a process to control the procurement of products and services.

•  Implement a process  to control the procurement of products and services.

•  Use your process to ensure that purchased products comply with the OHSMS.

•  Use your process to ensure that purchased services comply with the OHSMS.

•  Maintain a process  to control the procurement of products and services.

8.1.4.2 Expect contractors and their workers to meet your OHSMS requirements

•  Use procurement process to specify your organization's OH&S requirements.

•  Expect contractors and their workers to comply with OHSMS requirements.

•  Use your procurement process to identify hazards and control OH&S risks.

•  Identify hazards and control risks arising from contractors' activities.

•  Identify hazards and control risks arising from your internal activities.

8.1.4.3 Maintain outsourcing arrangements that meet your OHSMS requirements

•  Define how outsourced functions and processes should be controlled.

•  Define arrangements that support achievement of intended OHSMS outcomes.

•  Use your OHSMS to specify the type of control that should be applied.

•  Control your organization's outsourced functions and processes.

8.2 Establish all necessary emergency preparedness and response processes

•  Establish processes to prepare for and respond to potential emergency situations.

•  Plan how you're going to prepare for and respond to potential emergencies.

•  Develop processes to prepare for and respond to potential emergencies.

•  Implement processes to prepare for and respond to potential emergencies.

•  Maintain processes to prepare for and respond to potential emergencies.

•  Support your emergency preparedness and response processes.

•  Evaluate your emergency preparedness and response performance.

•  Revise your emergency preparedness and response plans and processes.

•  Document your emergency preparedness and response plans and processes.

9. Evaluation

9.1 Establish processes to monitor, measure, analyze, and evaluate your OHSMS

9.1.1 Establish processes to monitor, measure, analyze, and evaluate performance

•  Develop processes to examine OH&S performance.

•  Plan how you're going to examine your OH&S performance.

•  Plan how you're going to monitor your OH&S performance.

•  Plan how you're going to measure your OH&S performance.

•  Plan how you're going to analyze your OH&S performance.

•  Plan how you're going to evaluate your OH&S performance.

•  Plan how you're going to communicate your OH&S performance.

•  Implement processes to examine OH&S performance.

•  Monitor your organization's OH&S performance.

•  Measure your organization's OH&S performance.

•  Analyze your organization's OH&S performance.

•  Evaluate your organization's OH&S performance.

•  Communicate your organization's OH&S performance.

•  Maintain processes to examine OH&S performance.

9.1.2 Establish processes to evaluate compliance with legal and other requirements

•  Establish processes for evaluating your organization's OH&S compliance.

•  Develop processes for evaluating your OH&S compliance.

•  Implement processes for evaluating your OH&S compliance.

•  Evaluate compliance with legal and other requirements.

•  Maintain processes for evaluating your OH&S compliance.

•  Maintain and retain a record of compliance evaluation results.

9.2 Determine internal OH&S audit requirements, responsibilities, and methods

9.2.1 Audit the conformance of your organization's OHSMS at planned intervals

•  Conduct internal OHSMS conformance audits at planned intervals.

•  Determine if your organization's OHSMS meets requirements.

•  See if your OHSMS meets the requirements of this ISO standard.

•  See if your OHSMS meets your organization's own requirements.

•  Examine the effectiveness of your organization's OHSMS.

•  See if your organization's OHSMS was effectively implemented.

•  See if your organization's OHSMS is being effectively maintained.

9.2.2 Establish, implement, and maintain an internal OHSMS audit programme

•  Plan your organization's internal audit programme.

•  Develop a programme that can find out if your OHSMS meets requirements.

•  Develop a programme that can determine if your OHSMS is effective.

•  Establish your organization's internal audit programme.

•  Establish your audit methods and expectations.

•  Establish internal audit norms and values.

•  Establish internal audit planning expectations.

•  Establish internal audit duties and responsibilities.

•  Implement your organization's internal audit programme.

•  Carry out internal audits at planned intervals.

•  Take action to address OH&S nonconformities.

•  Report audit results to the appropriate people.

•  Maintain your organization's internal audit programme.

•  Retain documents and records about your programme.

9.3 Review the suitability, adequacy, and effectiveness of your organization's OHSMS

•  Review your organization's OHSMS at regular intervals.

•  Review OHSMS suitability, adequacy, and effectiveness.

•  Review the status of your previous management reviews.

•  Review how well your OH&S objectives are being achieved.

•  Review how well your OH&S policy is being implemented.

•  Review relevant communications with interested parties.

•  Review OH&S performance, including all relevant trends.

•  Review changes in requirements, issues, risks, and opportunities.

•  Review potential continual improvement opportunities.

•  Review the strategic direction that your OHSMS is taking.

•  Review the adequacy of your OHSMS resources.

•  Generate appropriate management review outputs.

•  Draw conclusions about your organization's OHSMS.

•  Make decisions about your organization's OHSMS.

•  Define actions to improve OH&S performance.

•  Consider implications for your overall strategic direction.

•  Communicate relevant outputs of management reviews.

•  Document the results of your management reviews.

10. Improvement

10.1 Identify improvement opportunities and take action to achieve intended outcomes

•  Determine opportunities to improve OHSMS and achieve its intended outcomes.

•  Take all necessary actions to improve OHSMS and achieve its intended outcomes.

•  Use performance evaluation results to improve your organization's OHSMS.

•  Use compliance evaluation results to improve your organization's OHSMS.

•  Use internal audit results to improve your organization's OHSMS.

•  Use management review results to improve your organization's OHSMS.

10.2 Establish processes to investigate and respond to incidents and nonconformities

•  Establish processes to manage OH&S incidents and nonconformities.

•  Implement processes to manage incidents and nonconformities.

•  React to incidents and nonconformities in a timely manner.

•  Investigate incidents and review nonconformities.

•  Develop suitable corrective actions to address root causes.

•  Take action to address incidents and nonconformities.

•  Review the effectiveness of the actions that have been taken.

•  Maintain processes to manage incidents and nonconformities.

10.3 Enhance the suitability, adequacy, and effectiveness of your OHSMS

•  Continually improve the suitability, adequacy, and effectiveness of your OHSMS.

•  Improve your OHSMS by promoting a culture that actively supports OH&S.

•  Promote a culture that supports the continual improvement of the OHSMS.

•  Promote a culture that supports worker participation and communication.

•  Promote a culture that supports the documentation of OHSMS improvements.

Also check out our ISO 45001 Occupational Health & Safety Audit Tool

 
Attention

This page summarizes the ISO 45001 standard. It highlights the
main points. It does not present detail. To get the complete
Plain English standard, please consider purchasing our
Title 65:
ISO 45001 2018 Translated into Plain English.

Title 65 is detailed, accurate, and complete. It uses language
that is clear, precise, and easy to understand. We guarantee it

Title 65 is 81 pages long and comes in both pdf and MS doc file formats.

Use our Plain English OH&S Management Standard (Title 65) to establish
your organization's occupational health and safety management system
and then use your OH&S management system to prevent work-related
injury and ill-health and to provide a safe and healthy workplace.

Title 65 Contents

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Product License

 
OTHER ISO 45001 PAGES

Introduction to ISO 45001 OH&S Management

Overview of ISO 45001 OH&S Management Standard

ISO 45001 OH&S Management Terms and Definitions

ISO 45001 OH&S Management Gap Analysis Tool

Our Plain English OH&S Management Checklist

OHSAS 18001 OH&S Management Standard

ISO 45001 OH&S Management Audit Tool

ISO's Internal OH&S Audit Expectations

Process Approach in Plain English

Our Plain English Approach

OTHER STANDARDS

Internal Auditing Standard

Risk Management Standard

Quality Management Standard

Business Continuity Standard

Service Management Standard

Process Management Standard

Environmental Management Standard

Software Quality Management Standard

Information Security Management Standard

Supply Chain Security Management Standard


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 Updated on November 16, 2018. First published on November 16, 2018.

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