AS9100D Gap Analysis Tool

The following material will introduce our Plain English Gap Analysis Tool.
However, it will not present the complete product. Instead, it will show
you how it is organized and how it is used. In addition, it will show
you a pdf sample of our approach. Once you've examined our
basic approach, we hope you'll consider purchasing our
AS9100D Gap Analysis Tool (Title 71).


AS9100D is a quality management standard for the aviation, space,
and defense industries. Its purpose is to help organizations provide
products and services that meet customer needs and expectations
and comply with regulatory and statutory requirements. It is also
designed to encourage organizations to continually improve the
quality and performance of their products and services.

According to AS9100D, any organization can achieve this complex
objective if it establishes a quality management system (QMS) and
if it continually tries to improve the suitability, adequacy, and
effectiveness of this system


AS9100D contains two kinds of expectations (i.e., clauses):
requirements and guidelines. Guidelines, in turn, are subdivided
into recommendations, permissions, and possibilities.

Recommendations are things you should do in order to meet the
AS9100D requirements, permissions are things you may do within
the limits set by the AS9100D standard, and possibilities are things
you can do if you wish. So, you have four types of expectations:
requirements, recommendations, permissions, and possibilities.

In order to distinguish between these four types of expectations
(or clauses), we use the following shorthand and color coding
in sections 4 to 10:
  • ISO 9001 Expectations (clauses):
    • Requirements (mandatory clauses):
      • SHL refers to shall clauses (requirements).
    • Guidelines (voluntary clauses):
      • SHD refers to should clauses (recommendations).
      • MAY refers to may clauses (permissions).
      • CAN refers to can clauses (possibilities).
  • AS9100 Expectations (clauses):
    • Requirements (mandatory clauses):
      • SHL refers to shall clauses (requirements).
    • Guidelines (voluntary clauses):
      • SHD refers to should clauses (recommendations).
      • MAY refers to may clauses (permissions).
      • CAN refers to can clauses (possibilities).

If you purchase our products and you go to our sections 4 to 10,
you'll notice a SHL, SHD, MAY, or CAN label or a SHL, SHD, MAY,
or CAN
label to the left of each clause. Black labels identify
ISO 9001 clauses while blue labels identify clauses that
were added by AS9100.


According to AS9100D, your organization's QMS must meet every
requirement if you wish to claim that it complies with this standard.
Every requirement is both generic and mandatory and may only be
excluded if it cannot be applied. Furthermore, you may exclude or
ignore a requirement only if doing so does not compromise your
organization's ability or responsibility to ensure that its products
and services are in compliance and only if you can justify and
explain why you cannot apply it. In short, whenever a
requirement can be applied, it must be applied.

However, how you choose to meet each requirement, and to
what extent, will depend on and be influenced by many factors.
It will depend on your organizationís context, its structure, its
activities, its objectives, its compliance obligations, and its
products and services, and will be influenced by its risks
and opportunities. Consequently, quality management
systems can vary quite a bit.


The AS9100D standard has ten sections. The first three sections
introduce the standard and the next seven present requirements
and guidelines. This is the core of the standard. We've preserved
this numbering system in order to make it easy for you to cross
reference the original AS9100D standard with our own material.
Accordingly, our gap analysis tool starts with section 4.

However, at the detailed level we have added a numbering system
that you wonít find in the original standard. We have sequentially
numbered all questions within each of the seven sections that
make up the core of the standard. We've done this in order
to make it easier for you to work with our questionnaires.

In addition, we have used indents to distinguish between general
questions and specific questions. This approach makes it easy
to see how our questionnaires are structured. In most cases, a
general question is followed by several specific questions
which elaborate and expand on the general question.

If youíre not sure what a general question is asking, just keep
reading. In most cases, the more detailed questions will clarify
what the general questions are trying to ask. If youíre still not
sure about what a question or concept means, please consult
our Plain English Quality Management Definitions. 


Our Plain English Gap Analysis Tool will allow you to compare
your current quality management processes and practices with the
new AS9100D quality management standard. This comparison will
pinpoint the gaps (the areas that fall short of the standard). Once
you know where to focus your attention, you can begin to make
the changes that are needed to comply with the new AS9100D
quality management standard.

Our gap analysis process consists of seven questionnaires,
one for each of the seven sections (4 to 10) that make up the
core of the standard. For each question, three answers are
possible: YES, NO, or N/A (to save space we use Y, N, X).

A YES answer means youíre in compliance with the standard,
a NO answer means youíre not in compliance, while an N/A answer
means that a question is not applicable in your case. NO answers
identify gaps that exist between the standard and your quality
practices and processes while N/A answers point to items
that may be ignored or excluded.

All requirement gaps (SHL items that have NO answers) must be
filled and all relevant N/A answers must be justified and explained
before you can say that your organizationís quality management
system (QMS) complies with the new AS9100D standard.

You may, of course, exclude or ignore any guideline clauses
(SHD, MAY, or CAN ) because they're not mandatory. However,
in spite of this, it's probably a good idea to also pay attention
to these voluntary clauses. If you study these clauses, you'll
find lots of best practices and many good ideas that are
certainly worth serious consideration.

Once youíve completed all seven questionnaires, please study
your NO answers, your own comments, and our questions and
then use this information to develop your own unique AS9100D
Quality Management Compliance Plan
. Use this information to
formulate actions or steps that need to be taken in order to
bring your practices and processes into compliance







Profile of Gap Analysis Project



Explanation of Gap Analysis Tool



Overview of the AS9100D Standard






Contextual Gap Analysis Questionnaire



Leadership Gap Analysis Questionnaire



Planning Gap Analysis Questionnaire



Support Gap Analysis Questionnaire



Operational Gap Analysis Questionnaire



Evaluation Gap Analysis Questionnaire



Improvement Gap Analysis Questionnaire






Plain English Quality Management Definitions



License Agreement and Contact Information



Now that you understand our approach, please consider buying
our Title 71: AS9100D Gap Analysis Tool
. If you purchase our
Gap Analysis Tool, you'll find that it's integrated, detailed,
exhaustive, and easy to understand. We guarantee it.

Title 71 is 123 pages long and comes in both pdf and Word file formats.

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Introduction to AS9100D

Introduction to AS9100C

AS9100D versus AS9100C

Outline of AS9100D Standard

Overview of AS9100D Standard

Overview of AS9100C Standard

AS9100D Terms and Definitions

Process Approach in Plain English

ISO's Quality Management Principles

AS9100D Translated into Plain English

AS9100C Translated into Plain English

ISO's Internal Audit Expectations

Quality Management Checklist

How to Upgrade to AS9100D

Our Plain English Approach

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Updated on April 15, 2021. First published on August 24, 2017.

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