AS9100D is a quality management
standard for organizations in
the aerospace sector (i.e., those in aviation, space, and
It defines a set of quality management expectations. These
expectations can be found in the following sections:
original standard was published in 1997 and was called
AS9000. This standard was renamed and replaced by AS9100
in 1999. AS9100 was then updated and replaced by AS9100A
in 2001, AS9100B in 2004, AS9100C in 2009, and AS9100D
in 2016 (which is, therefore, the fifth edition of AS9100
and the sixth edition of this aerospace standard).
The purpose of this aerospace
standard is to help organizations
provide products and services that meet customer needs and
requirements and comply with all applicable regulatory and
statutory requirements. It is also designed to encourage
organizations to continually improve the quality and
performance of their products and services.
According to AS9100D, any
organization can achieve this
objective if it establishes a quality management system
and if it continually tries to improve the suitability,
and effectiveness of this system.
A quality management system
(QMS) is a set of interrelated or
interacting elements that organizations use to formulate
policies and quality objectives and to establish the
that are needed to ensure that these policies are followed
and these objectives are achieved.
AS9100D AND ISO 9001 2015
AS9100D is based on the ISO 9001 2015
standard. Both standards are organized in the same way and
the same basic numbering system. The following simple
summarizes how AS9100D and ISO 9001 2015 are related:
AS9100D = ISO 9001 2015 clauses + AS&D
AS&D stands for Aviation,
Space, and Defense
AS9100D is careful to distinguish
between generic ISO 9001 2015
clauses and those that are specific to the aviation, space,
defense industries. As indicated above, we use color
distinguish between these two types of clauses.
REQUIREMENTS VS GUIDELINES
AS9100D contains two kinds of expectations
requirements and guidelines. Guidelines, in turn, are
into recommendations, permissions, and possibilities.
Recommendations are things you should do in
order to meet the
AS9100D requirements, permissions are things you may
the limits set by the AS9100D standard, and possibilities
you can do if you wish. So, you have four types of
requirements, recommendations, permissions, and possibilities.
In order to distinguish between these four types of
(or clauses), we use the following shorthand and color coding
in sections 4 to 10:
- ISO 9001 Expectations
refers to shall clauses (requirements).
refers to should clauses (recommendations).
refers to may clauses (permissions).
refers to can clauses (possibilities).
- AS9100 Expectations
- Requirements (mandatory clauses):
- SHL refers to shall clauses
- Guidelines (voluntary clauses):
- SHD refers to should clauses
- MAY refers to may clauses
- CAN refers to can clauses
If you purchase our products and you go
to our sections 4 to 10,
you'll notice a SHL, SHD, MAY, or CAN label or a SHL,
or CAN label to the left of each clause. Black
ISO 9001 clauses while blue labels
identify clauses that
were added by AS9100.
According to AS9100D, your
organization's QMS must meet every
requirement if you wish to claim that it complies with this
Every requirement is both generic and mandatory and may only
excluded if it cannot be applied. Furthermore, you may
ignore a requirement only if doing so does not compromise
organization's ability or responsibility to ensure that its
and services are in compliance and only if you can justify
explain why you cannot apply it. In short, whenever a
requirement can be applied, it must be applied.
However, how you choose to meet each
requirement, and to
what extent, will depend on and be influenced by many
It will depend on your organizationís context, its
activities, its objectives, its compliance obligations, and
products and services, and will be influenced by its risks
and opportunities. Consequently, quality management
systems can vary quite a bit.
WHO CAN USE AS9100D
AS9100D can be used by both internal and
It can be used by both supplier and customer organizations
and by both internal and external auditors.
AS9100D can be used by organizations in
the aviation, space, and
defense sectors and can be applied throughout the supply
It is intended for use by organizations that design,
provide aviation, space, and defense products and services.
It's also for organizations that provide
This includes those that provide maintenance, materials, or
spare parts for their own products and services.
AS9100D can also be used by the
recipients of aviation, space,
and defense products and services. It can be used by
who need to be sure that the products and services they
will consistently meet their needs and requirements. It can
used by any customer organization to establish and maintain
an efficient and effective approach to product and service
delivery throughout its entire supply chain.
AS9100D can also be used by both
internal and external
auditors to assess the efficiency, effectiveness, and
of quality management systems and to evaluate any supplier's
performance and conformance.
WHY USE AS9100D
Use AS9100D to implement policies, to
to meet obligations, to manage risks, to exploit
and to comply with all relevant statutory and regulatory
requirements. Use it if:
- You need to be able to show
that your organization is
consistently capable of providing products and services
that meet customer requirements and comply with all
relevant statutory and regulatory requirements.
- You need to be able to
demonstrate that your organization
can enhance customer satisfaction because it is
capable of continually improving both its products and
services and its practices and processes.
- You need to be able to assess
your organization's ability
to consistently provide products and services that meet
customer requirements and comply with all relevant
statutory and regulatory requirements.
HOW TO USE AS9100D
If you donít already have a quality
management system (QMS),
you can use this AS9100D standard to establish one. And once
youíve established your QMS, you can use it to demonstrate
that your organization is consistently capable of meeting
requirements, enhancing customer satisfaction, improving its
products and services, and complying with both statutory
and regulatory requirements.
AS9100D is designed to be used for
certification purposes. Once
youíve established a QMS that meets AS9100D requirements and
deals with your organizationís risks and opportunities, you
a registrar (certification body) to audit your system. If
you pass the
audit, your registrar will issue an official certificate
that states that
your organization's QMS meets AS9100D requirements.
While AS9100D is designed to be used for
certification purposes, you donít have to become certified
unless you are legally obligated to do so. You can be in
compliance without being formally certified by an accredited
certification body (registrar). You can self-audit your QMS
and then announce to the world that it complies with
the AS9100D standard (assuming that it does). Of course,
compliance claim may be more credible if an independent
certification body agrees with your assessment.