Section 4 asks
you to start by understanding your organization
and its context
when you develop its
system (EMS). It asks you to consider the external and
that are relevant to your organization's purpose and to think
the influence these issues could have on its EMS and the
it intends to achieve.
It also asks you to identify the interested
parties that are relevant
to your EMS and to consider the compliance
obligations that they
expect you to meet. Why? Because your
EMS will need to be able
to manage all of these influences and obligations.
Once you’ve considered all of this,
you're ready to clarify and
define the scope of your EMS and to begin its development.
asks your organization's top
provide leadership for its EMS by accepting responsibility for
it, by showing that they support it, and by providing
It also expects them to ensure that an
are established, that
obligations are acknowledged, that environmental
are considered, and that EMS roles,
responsibilities, and authorities are assigned.
Section 6 starts
by asking you to develop a process
consider the risks
that could affect your
It then asks you to use this risk
planning process to figure out
how to address your context, to
handle your interested
to meet your compliance
obligations, to deal with your significant
aspects and impacts,
and to manage your
And once you've done all of this it expects
you to define actions
to address your significant environmental aspects, your
obligations, and your risks and
opportunities. Then, to make sure
that all of these actions will actually be carried out, it asks
build them into your EMS processes.
While this is a lot of planning, you're not
done yet. Section 6 also
expects you to set
environmental objectives at all relevant
and for all relevant functions, to develop actions to achieve
objectives, and then to figure out how you're going to integrate
all of these actions into your organization's processes.
Section 7 asks
you to support the EMS by providing resources,
by ensuring the people are competent,
by making them aware of their
EMS responsibilities, by
controlling EMS communications,
managing EMS documents and records (documented
In this context, it asks you to start by
figuring out how extensive
your documentation should be.
Once you've figured this out, it
asks you to select, include, and control
all of the documents
and records that your EMS needs.
Section 8 asks
you to establish your EMS
to control how they operate. It asks you to plan how you're
to implement and control the processes that you need in order to
meet EMS requirements and in order
to implement the actions
that were previously built into these processes (in section 6).
It asks you to plan how you're going to
implement and control
the actions that must be taken in order to meet your compliance
obligations, to achieve your environmental objectives, to deal
your significant environmental aspects, and to manage the risks
opportunities that could influence your environmental
Finally, it asks you to prepare for potential emergency
and to establish a procedure to respond to these situations.
Section 9 asks
you to monitor,
evaluate your organization's
environmental performance and
compliance and to
audit your EMS
at planned intervals. It also
asks you to carry out management reviews. It asks you to review
the suitability, adequacy,
and effectiveness of your EMS, to
generate appropriate outputs, and to document your results.
asks you to identify opportunities and to take all
necessary actions to improve your EMS. It asks you to control
nonconformities, to take corrective actions, and to enhance the
suitability, adequacy, and effectiveness of your EMS.