ISO's Food Safety Management Principles

The new ISO 22000 2018 standard is based on four food safety management
principles and seven general management principles. The four food safety
management principles were chosen because they are generally recognized to
be central to food safety management systems and the seven general principles
were chosen because they can be used to enhance corporate performance and
achieve sustained success. They provide the conceptual foundation for the
new ISO 22000 2018 international food safety management standard.

Food Safety Management Principles

1. Interactive communication

This principle expects organizations to establish both external and
internal communications systems and to use these systems to protect
the safety of their food products. It expects organizations to use external
communication systems to share and receive information throughout the
food chain and to use internal systems to share and receive information
about food safety hazards, control measures, work arrangements, and
external requirements, and to discuss customers, suppliers, products,
production, sanitation, packaging, storage, and distribution.

2. System management

This principle argues that organizations tend to be more efficient and
effective when they use a systems approach. The systems approach is a
management strategy. When managers use a systems approach, it means
that they manage and control the systems that make up their organizations,
the interactions between these systems, and the inputs and outputs that tie
these systems together. When this approach is applied to food safety
management, it means that organizations treat their food safety
management system as part of a larger set of systems.

3. Prerequisite programmes

Prerequisite programs (PRPs) are the conditions that must be established
throughout the food chain and the activities that must be performed in order
to ensure that food products are
safe. PRPs are included here because they
are an indispensable part of all
food safety management systems. PRPs are
also referred to as good hygienic practices, good agricultural practices, good production practices, good manufacturing practices, good distribution
practices, good veterinary practices, and good trading practices.

4. Hazard analysis and critical control points

A hazard analysis (HA) is done in order to determine which food safety
hazards need to be controlled, how much control is needed, and which
combination of control measures should be used, and a critical control
point (CCP) is the point (or step) at which a control measure must be
applied. HACCP is included here because this methodology is
central to all food safety management systems.


General Management Principles

1. Focus on customers and interested parties

In order to enhance corporate performance and achieve sustained
success, organizations must focus on both their customers and their
interested parties. Organizations can establish this focus by trying to
understand the current and future requirements and expectations of
both their customers and their interested parties and by constantly
trying to meet these requirements and exceed these expectations.

2. Provide leadership for your organization

In order to enhance corporate performance and achieve sustained
success
, organizations must ensure that suitable leadership is
provided at all levels. Suitable leadership is provided whenever leaders
at all levels establish a unity of purpose and whenever they create an
environment that encourages people to pursue a common direction
and achieve a common set of objectives. By establishing a common
purpose, leaders can ensure that all strategies, policies, processes,
and resources are aligned and being used to pursue a common
direction and to achieve a common set of objectives.

3. Engage and involve your people

In order to enhance corporate performance and achieve sustained
success, organizations must be able to create and deliver value. In
order to do so they must have people who are competent, they must
enhance their knowledge and skills, and they must manage them
effectively by empowering them, by encouraging their involvement
and engagement at all levels, and by recognizing their achievements.

4. Use a process approach

In order to enhance corporate performance and achieve sustained
success, organizations must use a process approach to manage
their activities. The process approach is a management strategy.
When managers use this approach, it means that they manage and
control their processes, the interactions between these processes,
and the inputs and outputs that tie these processes together. It also
means that they manage these interactions as a system. When this
approach is applied to food safety management, it means that
they manage their processes and their process interactions
as a single integrated food safety management system.

5. Encourage improvement

In order to enhance corporate performance and achieve sustained
success, organizations must encourage and support improvement.
If they wish to maintain current levels of performance, if they wish to
respond to changing conditions, and if they wish to identify, create,
and exploit new opportunities, organizations must establish and
sustain an ongoing focus on improvement.

6. Use evidence to make decisions

In order to enhance corporate performance and achieve sustained
success, organizations must establish an evidence-based decision
making process. Decision making is evidence-based whenever multiple
types of input are gathered from multiple sources, whenever facts are
identified, whenever data is analyzed objectively, whenever cause and
effect relationships are examined, whenever potential unintended
consequences are considered, and whenever all of this is used
to make corporate decisions.

7. Manage your corporate relationships

In order to enhance corporate performance and achieve sustained
success, organizations must manage their relationship with suppliers,
partners, and other interested parties. Relationships must be carefully
managed because suppliers, partners, and other interested parties can
influence corporate performance and undermine corporate success.

Also compare the ISO 19011 Audit Principles.


MORE ISO 22000 PAGES

Introduction to ISO 22000 2018

Plain English Food Safety Management Definitions

Overview of ISO 22000 2018 Food Safety Management Standard

Structure of the ISO 22000 2018 Food Safety Management Standard

ISO 22000 2018 Food Safety Standard Translated into Plain English

Plain English Food Safety Management Gap Analysis Process

ISO 22000 2018 Food Safety Management Audit Tool

Plain English Food Safety Management Checklist

ISO 22000 2005 Translated into Plain English

ISO 22000 2018 versus ISO 22000 2005

Our Plain English Approach

MORE RESOURCES

ISO 9001 QMS Guide

ISO 19011 Auditing Guide

AS9100 Aerospace QMS Guide

ISO 31000 Risk Management Guide

ISO 13485 Medical Device QMS Guide

ISO 20000 Service Management Guide

ISO 14001 Environmental Management Guide

ISO 14971 Medical Device Risk Management Guide

ISO 22301 Business Continuity Management Guide

ISO 27001 Information Security Management Guide

ISO 28000 Supply Chain Security Management Guide

ISO 45001 Occupational Health and Safety Management Guide


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 Updated on August 20, 2019. First published on November 22, 2014.

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